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Heritage Agreement Deutsch



Cultural heritage includes tangible culture (such as buildings, monuments, landscapes, books, works of art and artifacts), intangible culture (such as folklore, traditions, language and knowledge) and natural heritage (including cultural landscapes and biodiversity). [2] What a generation considers a “cultural legacy” can be rejected by the next generation and revived by a later generation. There is a close partnership between Blue Shield International, the United Nations, UN peacekeeping, UNESCO and the International Committee of the Red Cross. [8] [14] In many armies, such as the Austrian Army (The Theresa Military Academy), there are extensive programs of protection and the protection of cultural heritage is part of the training. [15] [16] In essence, armed forces and parties to the conflict in general are prohibited from using cultural heritage, its immediate surroundings and facilities for its protection for military (paramilitary) purposes and, in particular, to expose cultural property to destruction or degradation in the event of armed conflict. The areas are intended for the practical preservation of posterity, which would otherwise be exposed to the danger of human or animal transgression, uncontrolled, uncontrolled access or unrestricted access or the risk of local administrative neglect. The sites are delimited by UNESCO as protected areas. [2] The list is managed by the International World Heritage Programme of UNESCO`s World Heritage Committee, made up of 21 “state parties” elected by their General Assembly. [9] The programme lists, names and preserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance for the common culture and heritage of humanity.

The programme began with the “Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage”[10] adopted by UNESCO`s General Conference on 16 November 1972. Since then, 193 States Parties have ratified the Convention, making it one of the most recognized international agreements and the most popular cultural program in the world. [11] Classical civilizations and especially Indian civilizations have placed the utmost importance on the preservation of tradition. Its central idea was that social institutions, scientific knowledge and technological applications should use a “legacy” as a “resource.” [26] With the contemporary language, we could say that the ancient Indians regarded economic resources (such as natural resources and their operating structure) as social resources and factors promoting social integration (such as institutions for the preservation of knowledge and the preservation of civil order). [27] Ethics held that what had been hereditary should not be consumed, but perhaps passed on enriched to future generations. It was a moral imperative for everyone except in the last phase of Sannyasa`s life. “Intangible cultural heritage” consists of non-physical aspects of a given culture, more often cultivated by social customs during a given period of history. The concept includes ways and means of behaviour in a society and the often formal rules for exploitation in a particular cultural climate. These include social values and traditions, customs and practices, aesthetic and spiritual beliefs, artistic expression, language and other aspects of human activity. The importance of physical artifacts can be interpreted as an act in the context of the socio-economic, political, ethnic, religious and philosophical values of a particular group of people.


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