Collective Agreement For Slovenia`s Trade Sector
By derogation from minimum standards, certain collective agreements are defined. It is possible to revoke these collective agreements on the basis of an agreement between the representative union (or the national union) and the employer, mainly to save jobs. This provision came into force separately for each collective agreement, most often from 2006 (see Eurofound portal on collective bargaining by country). The cases and conditions of the termination of a collective agreement and a cancellation period are set by the social partners. Where a collective agreement does not provide for a withdrawal period, it can be cancelled with a six-month withdrawal period. Collective agreements that are concluded for a fixed period cannot be repealed prematurely (Collective Agreements Act, Section 16). At the enterprise level, the bargaining parties are the individual employer and the local union. The Slovenian Economic and Social Council (ESSS) was established in April 1994 by a tripartite agreement on wage policy in the private sector. Through this agreement, the government, employers` and trade union organisations have created a central body for tripartite cooperation in Slovenia. The SSS has made a significant contribution to the successful implementation of fundamental economic and social reforms and the transition process, as well as to closer ties with the European Union and integration into the international economy.
It has also contributed to the application of social justice and social peace, which are seen as essential to the success of economic development. The scope of the SESS` main focus is on labour relations, working conditions, labour law, social rights and employment policy; other broader economic and social issues that affect the interests of workers and their families; The interests of employers and government policy. In Slovenia, almost all workers were covered by collective bargaining, in part because of the previous position in which the employers` industries, of which all employers were to be part, were included. Negotiations take place at the industry and business level, as well as at the national level in the public sector. The sector also includes private investigators, all mandatory members of the private investigative chamber of the Republic of Slovenia. This is also allowed to grant and remove licenses. In Slovenia, there are about 100 independent private investigators who are not covered by a collective agreement. Slovenian trade unions developed as members of Austrian trade unions at the end of the 19th century.
They began as education and self-help organizations and gradually became representative organizations for workers` rights. Changes to labour law in the late 1980s served as the basis for the development of collective bargaining as a fundamental instrument in industrial relations. Until 1988, there was only one trade union organization, although the trade union movement has already changed. In 1990, trade union pluralism began to emerge. The level of bargaining and wage-setting in Slovenia have long been sectoral, but the current evolution of collective bargaining is decentralisation. The Labour Relations Act provides in section 133 that the employer must ensure equal pay for equal work and work of equal value, regardless of gender. The provisions of an employment contract, a collective agreement or a general act of work that are contrary to this provision are deemed invalid.